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Mahmood and Ayaz

In the Era of Ghaznavid Empire, Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi baught a slave named Ayaz, from a bankrupted merchant on a million Dirhams becuase he was told that Ayaz knew how to be a slave; and that he possessed qualities like no other slave. So the story of Mahmood-o-Ayaz began. Mahmood ordered that Ayaz should be beaten a 100 lashes without any reason; Sultan asked one of his courtiers to ask Ayaz to beg before Sultan but Ayaz refused and told the courtier that the Sultan was his master and he could order anything for him. Mahmood, in appreciation made him the chief of the court.

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One day one of the ministers blamed Ayaz of stealing precious things. Mahmood sent men for checking his room; they found a cotton sheet and a pair of old leather slippers, nothing more. Mahmood asked him the reason. He said, “before I was your slave I was in that dress. But as I came into your service you gave me everything I could think of and to avoid disobedience, I used to look at them every morning and remind myself that whatever I have is a loan from the Sultan. After that I begin my job.” In the 1021 A.D, Ayaz was awarded the throne of Lahore for his honesty. And so;

“Ek hi saf mein karhe hue Mahmood-o-Ayaz”, “Na koi banda raha na koi banda-nawaz”

Honour is what others think about us; and honour is earned by what we do when others see us and know what we have done.

Every religion, every creed, every belief and ethical system glorifies and respects honesty. And it is our duty to be honest with our State, our government, our parents, wife and children, teachers, students and even our enemies. So shall we be paid honour.

In 2014 an operation called Lava-Jato was launched in Brazil and it uncovered the biggest corruption scandal in the history of our planet. 16 companies, two Presidents, 260 individuals, and billions of dollars. It was enough to educate 17 million children for a year. But where are those men? In jails. Where are those companies? Vanished. And where is that honest man who began this mission? He has become a Brazilian national hero, and his name is Newton Ishii.

Corruption pays complete dishonour whether it is bribery, nepotism, jobbery, bureaucratic corruption or systemic corruption. But the most terrible form of corruption is Ideological corruption because it produces corrupt generations and the mentality is how Alexander Pope describes, “Corruption seen too often, familiar with her face,

We first endure, then pity then embrace.”

Corruption destroys our reputation, our society curses us. When the desire for more is uncontrolled and unchecked we turn to corruption; when we lack morals we turn to corruption and when our ego controls us we turn to corruption but instead of making easy it complicates our lives.So we must start from ourselves to be honest and say “no” to corruption.

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Language and Power

Language is peculiar only to humans for it can serve a multitude of functions. The chief among them is communication, through which an exchange of feelings, emotions and ideas have become facile. To narrow our context, the next is power. However, power, here is the sovair faire of influencing the behavior of others. Concealed in the cognitive paragon of humans is the exploitation of the language. From eons, men have exploited this competence to have an influence on others which further leads to getting authority and power. Moreover, this exploitation is still observable either in minor scale which is an influence in one’s near vibe or larger scale on which they can influence masses. For further understanding this psychological competence, we need something more.

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Logically, I would prefer the classification of language as literal and emotive. Literal use of language is concerned with the literal or real meaning of words, its personal meaning not more nor less. This is no more than “how are you” and “I am fine” kind of langauge. On the other hand emotive language is its provocative use. It has become the weapon through which many politician and statesmen have achieved power. What they do is use words in a sense that provoke action. The words they utter are no less than bullets. There are triggers of happiness and discomfort for all of us through which our feelings of joy and worry arise instinctively the moment we hear them. They arise our emotions and as a consequence, we act.

I do not mean to influence on you the logic and its jargon. What I want is to make you think of these triggers and find out who in the history has used them to gain authority and power.

For instance, one of the most praised orators of ancient Athens is Demosthenese who united all Grecians against Philip, (the father of Alexander the Great) in 354 B.C. Demosthenese had an inarticulate and stammering pronunciation but he was resilient and persistent enough that he overcame it through placing pebbles under his tongue. He exploited the art of language and achieved great height, although he was exiled later on because of his rivals. Even the Sophist school of ancient Athens taught the art of speaking, of exploiting the language.

To sum up, language becomes very powerful for if we understand how to exploit it. Language is the beauty and the beast. For if we exploit it optimistically it is the beauty, however, the opposite implies the latter. Further, we can and we must use language to foment positivity. We ought to understand this topsy turvy nature of ourselves and of others to avoid intolerance and make this world a happy place.

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